Polka music is a genre of dance music that originated in central Europe in the mid-19th century. It is characterized by a fast tempo, a strong beat, and a simple, repetitive melody. The origins of the music can be traced back to rural Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic, where it was played by local bands at weddings and other celebrations. As it gained popularity, it spread throughout Europe, particularly in countries such as Poland, Germany, and Austria. Polka music is often played on accordion, trumpet, and clarinet. The dance style is also called polka, which is a lively, upbeat dance that is usually performed with partners. The dance involves a step-hop-step pattern and is typically performed to the fast-paced music. Polka music and dance have a strong cultural significance in countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic, and Germany. It continues to be enjoyed at cultural festivals, weddings, and other celebrations. Polka music also influenced other genres of music such as Tex-Mex, Conjunto and Norteno.