"Classical music" is a broad term used to describe a wide range of Western art music that has its roots in the European tradition dating from the 9th century to the 21st century. It encompasses a variety of styles and forms, including orchestral, chamber, choral, and solo music, and it is typically composed by trained musicians who have studied the traditional techniques and forms of the genre.
Classical music is known for its complex harmonies, counterpoint, and formal structures. It is typically written for specific instruments or groups of instruments, such as the orchestra, string quartet, or piano. Classical music is also characterized by its use of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre, and it often follows a specific musical form, such as the sonata or symphony.
Classical music is typically divided into several periods, including the Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, and Modern periods. Each period has its own unique characteristics and is defined by the musical styles and forms that were popular at the time.
Composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Frédéric Chopin are considered some of the most important and influential composers in the classical tradition. Classical music is still widely performed and recorded today and continues to be a significant part of the world's cultural heritage.